ALFREDO/BOSCO

The Leader of the Nation

"Nursultan Nazarbayev is a visionary […]a tyrant, perhaps, but a visionary.”

Nursultan Nazarbayev, first President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and "Leader of the Nation", a title given to him by a law of 2010, which de facto elevates him to the status of president for life. Those who are less than 30 years old, and who have known only him, simply call him "Papa", with a touch of irony. From constitutional reforms to rigged elections, the former metallurgist has built a system on which he reigns without sharing or counter-power.

Nazarbayev has suppressed dissent, been accused of human rights abuses by several human rights organizations, and presided over an authoritarian regime. No election held in Kazakhstan since independence has met international standards. In 2010 he announced reforms to encourage a multi-party system.

Internationally, he is respected for his decisive rejection of what might have seemed a nuclear option, and as a force for Central Asian stability. He is known as a daring bargainer - not to say a brinkman - for the best possible deal from the multi-national commercial interests with which he must work to exploit his country's wealth and build its future.

The 2016 Human Rights Watch report commented that Kazakhstan "took few meaningful steps to tackle a worsening human rights record in 2015, maintaining a focus on economic development over political reform.

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Ushkonyr; Kazakhstan; 2016

School museum in the hometown of the president Nursultan Nazarbayev.
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Astana; Kazakhstan; 2016

Downtown of Astana
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Almaty; Kazakhstan; 2016

Bar in the center of Almaty, former capital of Kazakhstan.
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Astana; Kazakhstan; 2016

Inside the Nazarbayev University, created on the initiative of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev
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Ushkonyr; Kazakhstan; 2016

School museum in the hometown of the president Nursultan Nazarbayev.
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Almaty; Kazakhstan; 2016

Evgeny Zhovtis, lawyer, political oppositioner and human rights defender.
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Astana; Kazakhstan; 2016

Khan Shatyr, main commercial center of Astana. The architectural project was unveiled by the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev.
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Astana; Kazakhstan; 2016

Khan Shatyr, main commercial center of Astana. The architectural project was unveiled by the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev.
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Almaty; Kazakhstan; 2016

View of a street of Almaty.
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Almaty; Kazakhstan; 2016

The Green Bazar, the most well known market of Almaty, former capital of Kazakhstan.
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Astana; Kazakhstan; 2016

Baktybay Taitaliyev, deputy director of Astana Genplan, research and design institute.
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Almaty; Kazakhstan; 2016

Gym in Almaty. President Nazarbayev has always promoted sports: from wrestling to boxing and recently sponsoring cycling teams.
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Ushkonyr; Kazakhstan; 2016

Inside the Museum of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Almaty; Kazakhstan; 2016

Gym in Almaty. President Nazarbayev has always promoted sports: from wrestling to boxing and recently sponsoring cycling teams.
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Almaty; Kazakhstan; 2016

The Green Bazar, the most well known market of Almaty, former capital of Kazakhstan.
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Ushkonyr; Kazakhstan; 2016

One of the last school friend alive of president Nazarbayev.
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Astana; Kazakhstan; 2016

Billboard of the new buildings that are rising near the area of Expo.
Despite the development of the city, Astana during winter is the coldest capital in the world with temperature of -30°C.
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Astana; Kazakhstan; 2016

The presidential palace of Astana.
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Ushkonyr; Kazakhstan; 2016

Old school friends that now are living at home of president Nazarbayev's childhood.
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Astana; Kazakhstan; 2016

Group of tourists taking a picture in the downtown of Astana. Behind them the presidential palace.
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Almaty; Kazakhstan; 2016

Galym Ageleuov, political oppositioner and human rights defender.
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Almaty; Kazakhstan; 2016

Bakhytzhan Toregozhina, human right defender.
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Ushkonyr; Kazakhstan; 2016

Interior of childhood home of president Nazarbayev.
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Ushkonyr; Kazakhstan; 2016

Private graveyard of Nazarbayev's family.
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Almaty; Kazakhstan; 2016

Aidan Karibzhanov, business man
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Astana; Kazakhstan; 2016

Area of the Expo. The expo's theme is "Future Energy".
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Astana; Kazakhstan; 2016

View of Astana. Astana is a planned city, the city took its current form after the independence of Kazakhstan in 1991, under President Nazarbayev.
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